Medline: 9704712

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(8): 2625-2631, 1998. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(8): 2625-2631, 1998. may be available online for subscribers.

Mortality from myocardial infarction after adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results cancer registries.

Paszat LF, Mackillop WJ, Groome PA, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To compare the risk for fatal myocardial infarction (MI) after adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for left-sided breast cancer with the risk for MI after adjuvant RT for right-sided breast cancer.

Methods:
We studied women with local- and regional-stage breast cancer diagnosed from 1973 to 1992 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results (SEER) cancer registries. We performed life-table analysis, the log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression to compare the time to fatal MI from diagnosis between left-sided and right-sided cases, censoring deaths from other causes.

Results:
Among irradiated patients, the relative risk (RR) for fatal MI in women with left-sided breast cancer was 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.36), controlling for age, compared with those with right-sided breast cancer. The RR for fatal MI among left-sided cases was increased for those under the age of 60 years (RR = 1.98; 95% CI, 1.31 to 2.97) compared with right-sided cases, but not at age 60 years or older. Among women with irradiated regional-stage cancer who were younger than 60 years of age, the risk was significantly increased (RR = 2.24; 95% CI, 1.38 to 3.64) for those with left-sided compared with right-sided breast cancer, but not among patients aged 60 years or older. Among irradiated local-stage cases, the risk for those with left-sided breast cancer was not significantly elevated in either age category. Analysis of 5-year conditional survival cohorts showed an increased risk for irradiated left-sided cases among women younger than 60 years of age in the 10- to 15-year conditional survival cohort (RR = 5.28; 95% CI, 1.82 to 15.3).

Conclusion:
Adjuvant RT for left-sided breast cancer diagnosed in women younger than 60 years of age is associated with a higher risk for fatal MI 10 to 15 years later compared with adjuvant RT for right-sided cases.


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