Medline: 9552024

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(4): 1265-1269, 1998. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(4): 1265-1269, 1998. may be available online for subscribers.

Spontaneous regression of localized neuroblastoma detected by mass screening.

Yamamoto K, Hanada R, Kikuchi A, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To clarify whether and when neuroblastomas identified through screening do regress, and to ascertain how to treat them appropriately, we observed screened patients who had localized tumors, without any therapeutic intervention.

Patients and Methods:
The criteria for the observation program were as follows: disease stage I or II; tumor less than 5 cm in diameter; no invasion to the intraspinal canal or growth to the great vessels; urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) less than 50 microg/mg creatinine; and informed consent. Of 25 patients identified through screening for 6-month-old infants in Saitama Prefecture, Japan between April 1994 and March 1996, 11 patients who met the criteria and one other patient with stage III tumor were enrolled onto the program. They were examined by abdominal ultrasonography (US) and their urinary VMA and HVA levels were assessed approximately once per month. The observation periods ranged from 4 to 27 months.

Results:
The 11 tumors decreased in size, although one of these 11 tumors initially enlarged until the patient was 12 months of age and decreased in size thereafter. One other tumor slightly increased in size. Urinary VMA levels decreased in all patients. None of the tumors had completely disappeared by the last observation day.

Conclusion:
Our results suggest that regression of screened neuroblastoma is not a rare phenomenon. At present, it seems reasonable to adopt a wait-and-see strategy, with careful observation, for selected stage I or II tumors identified in infants screened at 6 months of age.


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