Medline: 9363863

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 15(11): 3338-3346, 1997. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 15(11): 3338-3346, 1997. may be available online for subscribers.

Alternating MOPP and ABVD chemotherapy plus mantle-field radiation therapy in patients with massive mediastinal Hodgkin's disease.

Longo DL, Glatstein E, Duffey PL, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (MOPP)/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) chemotherapy plus mantle-field radiation therapy in the treatment of patients with massive mediastinal Hodgkin's disease of any stage.

Patients and Methods:
Eighty patients presented with Hodgkin's disease and a mediastinal mass greater than one third the greatest chest diameter on chest radiograph. Patients were staged and treated with MOPP alternated with ABVD chemotherapy for a total of six cycles. Patients then received 10 Gy mantle-field radiation therapy delivered to the original extent of disease followed by 25 to 35 Gy to the residual abnormalities.

Results:
The complete response (CR) rate was 89%. With a median follow-up duration of 10 years, disease-free survival of the complete responders is 78% at 15 years and overall survival is 75% at 15 years. For patients with stage I or II disease, disease-free survival was 76% at 15 years and overall survival was 79%; for those with stage III or IV disease, disease-free survival was 82% at 15 years and overall survival was 64%. Age, stage, sex, B symptoms, number of extranodal sites, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and platelet count did not influence treatment outcome. Treatment-related pneumonitis was noted in 16% of patients (fatal in one), mainly in those older than age 35 years who received total doses of radiation therapy greater than 42 Gy. Fertility is more often preserved with MOPP/ABVD therapy than with MOPP chemotherapy and there appears to be less pulmonary and cardiac disease than with ABVD chemotherapy. Two patients have developed second solid tumors within radiation ports and one relapsed patient developed acute leukemia after MOPP salvage therapy.

Conclusion:
MOPP/ABVD followed by mantle-field radiation therapy is an effective treatment for all stages of Hodgkin's disease that present with a large mediastinal mass. Our data suggest that the large mediastinal mass is a more dominant determinant of prognosis than Ann Arbor stage or other clinical prognostic factors.


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