Medline: 8955656

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(12): 3112-3120, 1996. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(12): 3112-3120, 1996. may be available online for subscribers.

Multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate cardioprotection of dexrazoxane versus no cardioprotection in women receiving epirubicin chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer.

Venturini M, Michelotti A, Del Mastro L, et al.


Dexrazoxane was found effective in reducing doxorubicin cardiotoxicity when given at a dose ratio (dexrazoxane: doxorubicin) of 20:1. Preclinical studies indicated that dexrazoxane at a dose ratio of 10 to 15:1 also protected against epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. The main objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of dexrazoxane, given at a dose ratio of 10:1 against epirubicin cardiotoxicity.

Patients and Methods:
One hundred sixty-two advanced breast cancer patients were randomized to receive epirubicin-based chemotherapy with or without dexrazoxane. Patients who had previously received adjuvant chemotherapy that contained anthracyclines were treated with cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 intravenously (IV), epirubicin 60 mg/m2 IV, and fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 IV, on day 1 every 3 weeks. The other patients were treated with epirubicin 120 mg/m2 IV on day 1 every 3 weeks. Cardiac toxicity was defined as clinical signs of congestive heart failure, a decrease in resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to < or = 45%, or a decrease from baseline resting LVEF of > or = 20 EF units.

One hundred sixty patients were evaluated. Cardiotoxicity was recorded in 18 of 78 patients (23.1%) in the control arm and in six of 82 (7.3%) in the dexrazoxone arm. The cumulative probability of developing cardiotoxicity was significantly lower in dexrazoxane-treated patients than in control patients (P = .006; odds ratio, 0.29; 95% confidence limit [CL], 0.09 to 0.78). Noncardiac toxicity, objective response, progression-free survival, and overall survival were similar in both arms.

Dexrazoxane given at a dexrazoxane:epirubicin dose ratio of 10:1 protects against epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and does not affect the clinical activity and the noncardiac toxicity of epirubicin. The clinical use of dexrazoxane should be recommended in patients whose risk of developing cardiotoxicity could hamper the eventual use and possible benefit of epirubicin.

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