Medline: 8821566

Hematology/Oncology Clinics of North America 10(1): 173-188, 1996.

Integrating medical and surgical treatments in gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and biliary obstruction in patients with cancer.

Fainsinger RL


Although local expertise needs to be considered, the following general guidelines for the palliation of malignant biliary obstruction have been proposed: (1) patients in good general condition with small tumors should undergo laparotomy to assess resectability and undergo surgical bypass; (2) patients with advanced disease and poor general condition are suitable for endoscopic stenting to reduce jaundice, pruritus, and risk of cholangitis; (3) patients with poor cognition and limited life expectancy should be managed pharmacologically as appropriate; and (4) research is required to assess optimal management for patients between these extremes; however, clinicians can use the previously described guidelines to make these difficult management decisions.

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Dr. G. Quade