Medline: 8696551

Journal of the American College of Surgeons 183(2): 89-96, 1996.

Primary duodenal adenocarcinoma: a ten-year experience with 79 patients.

Rose DM, Hochwald SN, Klimstra DS, et al.


Duodenal adenocarcinoma is a rare malignancy with a poorly defined natural history and outcome. The factors that affect management and survival of patients with this disease remain controversial. This study analyzed the ten-year experience at one institution with primary duodenal adenocarcinoma to define factors that have an impact on patient survival. In addition, the outcome of patients with resected duodenal adenocarcinoma was compared with that of patients with gastric and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of the prospective database for patients with peripancreatic lesions treated at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1983 and 1994 identified 79 patients with a primary duodenal adenocarcinoma. Demographics, presenting symptoms, operative variables, pathologic findings, and survival data were analyzed. Multivariate comparisons and actuarial survival were calculated using these variables.

A curative resection was performed in 42 (53 percent) of the 79 patients, including 38 pancreaticoduodenectomies and four duodenal resections. The overall projected five-year survival rate was 31 percent, with resected and nonresected patient survival rates of 60 and zero percent, respectively (p < 0.0001). Nodal metastases, regardless of location, did not have an impact on survival. While stage was a significant factor in survival on univariate analysis, no survival difference was noted between stages I, II, and III. Only resectability and presence of non-nodal metastases predicted outcome on multivariate analysis.

Resectability and presence of distant metastatic disease are the strongest determinants of outcome for patients with duodenal adenocarcinoma. Staging and nodal status offer little prognostic information and nodal positivity should not preclude resection. As patients have symptoms similar to those of pancreatic adenocarcinoma but have an outlook more comparable to gastric adenocarcinoma, a vigorous approach to resection is justified.

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Dr. G. Quade