Medline: 8648386

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(4): 1291-1296, 1996. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(4): 1291-1296, 1996. may be available online for subscribers.

Allogeneic bone marrow transplant is not better than autologous transplant for patients with relapsed Hodgkin's disease.

Milpied N, Fielding AK, Pearce RM, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To compare the results achieved with myeloablative therapy followed by either allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT) or autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) for patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD).

Patients and Methods:
Of more than 1,200 patients with HD reported to the European Bone Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry, 49 underwent alloBMT. Of these, 45 with sufficient data were matched to 45 patients who underwent ABMT. The matching criteria were sex, age at time of transplantation, stage of disease at diagnosis, bone marrow involvement at diagnosis and at transplantation, year of transplantation, disease status at time of transplantation, time from diagnosis to transplantation, and conditioning regimen with or without total-body irradiation (TBI).

Results:
The 4-year actuarial probabilities of survival, progression-free survival (PFS), relapse, and non-relapse mortality were 25%, 15%, 61%, and 48% and 37%, 24%, 61%, and 27% after alloBMT and ABMT, respectively. The toxic death rate at 4 years was significantly higher for alloBMT patients (P = .04). For patients with sensitive disease at the time of transplantation, the 4-year actuarial probability of survival was 30% after alloBMT and 64% after ABMT (P = .007). This difference is mainly due to a higher transplant-related mortality rate after alloBMT (65% v 12%, P = .005). Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) > or = grade II was associated with a significantly lower risk of relapse, but also with a lower overall survival (OS) rate.

Conclusion:
Based on this study, alloBMT from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor does not appear to offer any advantage when compared with ABMT. A graft-versus-Hodgkin effect is associated with > or = grade II aGVHD, but its positive effect on relapse is largely offset by its toxicity. In most circumstances, alloBMT cannot be recommended for patients with HD.


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