Medline: 8622069

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(5): 1537-1544, 1996. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(5): 1537-1544, 1996. may be available online for subscribers.

Resection of primary tumor at diagnosis in stage IV-S neuroblastoma: does it affect the clinical course?

Guglielmi M, De Bernardi B, Rizzo A, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To determine whether resection of primary tumor has a favorable influence on outcome of infants (age 0 to 11 months) with stage IV-S neuroblastoma.

Patients and Methods:
Between March 1976 and December 1993, 97 infants with previously untreated neuroblastoma diagnosed in 21 Italian institutions were classified as having stage IV-S disease. Seventy percent were younger than 4 months. Adrenal was the primary tumor site in 64 of 85 patients with a recognizable primary tumor. Liver was the organ most often infiltrated by the tumor (82 patients), followed by bone marrow and skin.

Results:
The overall survival (OS) rate at 5 years in 80% and event-free survival (EFS) rate 68%. In 24 infants, the effect of resection of primary tumor could not be evaluated because of rapidly fatal disease progression (n = 8), absence of a primary tumor (n = 12), or partial resection (n = 4). Of 73 assessable patients, 26 underwent primary tumor resection at diagnosis: one died of surgical complications, one relapsed locally and died, and two others relapsed (one of these two locally) and survived, for a 5-year OS rate of 92% and EFS rate of 84%. Of the remaining 47 patients who did not undergo primary tumor resection at diagnosis 11 suffered unfavorable events, of whom five died, for an OS rate of 89% and EFS rate of 75% (no significant difference from previous group). Disease recurred at the primary tumor site in only one five who died, and in only one of six survivors of progression or relapse; in these patients, the primary tumor, located in the mediastinum, was successfully resected.

Conclusion:
Infants who underwent resection of the primary tumor at diagnosis had no better outcome than those in whom the decision was made not to operate.


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