Medline: 7558957

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 33(3): 663-673, 1995.

Primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: survival advantages with combined initial therapy?

O'Neill BP, O'Fallon JR, Earle JD, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
Results of multiple radiation, chemotherapy, and combined treatment trials have shown that the fate of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) patients is very different from that of patients with similarly treated systemic IE non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This study was designed to improve the survival of PCNSL patients by the use of combined initial therapy.

Methods:
AND MATERIALS: Forty-six eligible primary PCNSL patients were treated with whole brain irradiation and adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of preirradiation cyclophosphamide-adriamycin-vincristine-prednisone (CHOP) and postirradiation high-dose cytosine arabinoside (HDAC) as part of an ongoing Phase II Mayo/North Central Cancer Treatment Group/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (M/NCCTG/ECOG) intergroup effort, which opened in April 1986.

Results:
This cohort consisted of 23 men and 23 women with median age 63.5 years (range 24 to 75 years). Only 5% were under age 40; 36% were age 40 to 59, 37% were age 60 to 69, and 22% were age 70 and over. Forty-six percent had good performance scores of ECOG 0-1 at time of study entry. Forty-six patients were evaluable for treatment outcome as of October 6, 1993. Of these, 10 were still alive. Estimated median survival and 21-month survival were 45.3 weeks and 29%, respectively. There were four early deaths ranging from Day 9 to Day 15 (three drug-related, one from other complications), and two CHOP responders died at 32 and 35 days, soon after Cycle 2 of CHOP (one probably drug-related, one from other complications). There was no significant difference in survival according to baseline performance status. However, survival was consistently worse for patients > 60 years old than for the younger patients (< or = 60 years). With deaths recorded for 21 of 21 older patients, but only 9 of the 14 younger patients, 21-month survival for older vs. younger was 14 vs. 50% based on the 35 patients who entered the study at least 21 months ago (p = 0.0365). Of the 46 patients evaluable for response, 63% had objective remissions on CHOP and another 20% remained stable.

Conclusion:
Combined modality therapy in this study did not produce an overall survival advantage in treating PCNSL. The 50% 21-month survival of younger patients may be a reflection of age only.


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