Medline: 7579384

Blood 86(8): 2922-2929, 1995.

The C5R protocol: a regimen of high-dose chemotherapy and radiotherapy in primary cerebral non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of patients with no known cause of immunosuppression.

Blay JY, Bouhour D, Carrie C, et al.

Abstract:

In most reported series, less than 20% of patients with primary cerebral non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PCL) and no known cause of immunodepression are alive and disease-free 5 years after the initial diagnosis. Whether chemotherapy improves the outcome of these patients remains unclear. We report a pilot study of a protocol (C5R) with 5 courses of chemotherapy followed by cranial radiotherapy in 25 adult patients with PCL and no known cause of immunodepression. The median age was 51 years (range, 16 to 70 years) and the median performance status was 2 (range, 1 to 4) in this series. Fourteen patients (56%) achieved a complete response and 4 (16%) achieved a partial response 1 month after the completion of the treatment. Four patients died in the first month of treatment because of progression (n = 1) or toxicity (n = 3). In 3 patients, the treatment could not be performed because of patient refusal (n = 1) or severe infections (n = 2). Myelosuppression was the most frequent side effect; febrile neutropenia occurred in 96%, 89%, 69%, and 74% of the patients after the second, third, fourth, and fifth courses of chemotherapy, respectively. Grade 4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 20% of the patients. With a median follow-up of 24 months, the projected survival of the group at 2 and 5 years is 70% and 56%, respectively. The 4 early deaths occurred in the subgroup of 6 patients greater than 60 years of age with an international prognostic index (IPI) greater than 3. In the 19 remaining patients (76% of this series) less than 61 years of age or with an IPI less than 4, the projected overall survival at 2 and 5 years is 88% and 70%, respectively. The C5R protocol is a highly efficient regimen in nonimmunosuppressed patients with PCL less than 61 years of age or with an IPI less than 4.


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