Journal of Clinical Oncology 13(7): 1734-1741, 1995. is available online.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 13(7): 1734-1741, 1995. may be available online for subscribers.
Rodriguez MA, Cabanillas FC, Velasquez W, et al.
We report the results of a prospective trial in which patients with relapsing non-Hodgkin's lymphomas were sequentially treated with two regimens (mesna, ifosfamide, mitoxantrone, and etoposide [MINE], and etoposide, methylprednisolone, cytarabine, and cisplatin [ESHAP]) if they had no history of disease resistance to these drugs.
Patients and Methods:
Ninety-two patients received MINE (mesna 4 g/m2, ifosfamide 4 g/m2, mitoxantrone 8 mg/m2, and etoposide 195 mg/m2) for a maximum of six courses followed by ESHAP (etoposide 240 mg/m2, methylprednisone 500 mg/d, high-dose cytarabine 2 g/m2, and cisplatin 100 mg/m2) for three courses to consolidate complete response (CR) or for a maximum of six cycles after a partial response (PR) or no response to MINE. Pretreatment serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) were documented in 80 of 92 patients.
The response rate to MINE-ESHAP was 69% (48% CRs and 21% PRs), with a median survival time of 24 months and median time to treatment failure of 12 months. The median time to treatment failure according to histology was as follows: low-grade histologies, 16 months; low-grade transformed to intermediate-grade, 8 months; and intermediate-grade, 5 months. The most serious complication was myelosuppression, which resulted in two deaths due to neutropenic sepsis. A risk factor model based on beta 2M and LDH levels before salvage treatment showed three categories of risk, with 36-month survival rates as follows: low (beta 2M < 3 mg/dL and LDH normal), 61%; intermediate (beta 2M > or = 3 mg/dL or LDH above normal), 23%; and high (beta 2M > or = 3 mg/dL and LDH above normal), 0%.
MINE-ESHAP is an effective salvage strategy for patients with recurrent lymphoma. Toxicity was acceptable. Factors that determine prognostic categories at relapse merit further study.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn