Journal of Clinical Oncology 12(11): 2254-2263, 1994. is available online.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 12(11): 2254-2263, 1994. may be available online for subscribers.
Zincke H, Bergstralh EJ, Blute ML, et al.
To determine the efficacy and complication rate of radical prostatectomy (RP) as a treatment option for clinically localized prostate cancer (clinical stage < or = T2c).
The study was a retrospective analysis of 1,143 consecutive patients (median age, 64 years; range, 38 to 79 y) who underwent RP at one institution (mean follow-up time, 9.7 years). Complications for this study population were compared with those of a contemporary group of 1,000 consecutive patients.
Of 1,143 patients, 83 (7%) had a low clinical stage (T1) and 160 (14%) had a low histologic grade (Gleason score < or = 3); 648 (57%) had a high clinical stage (T2b or T2c) and 204 (18%) had a high histologic grade (Gleason score > or = 7). Only 113 (10%) died of prostate cancer, and 177 (15%) developed metastasis. Adjuvant treatment (androgen deprivation or radiation therapy) was given in 197 (17%) patients (> or = pT3) and provided virtually identical results as without adjuvant treatment. The 10- and 15-year crude survival rates for 1,143 patients were 75% +/- 1.5% (SE) and 60% +/- 2.2%, respectively; the cause-specific survival rates were 90% +/- 1.1% and 83% +/- 1.9%, respectively; and the metastasis-free survival rates were 83% +/- 1.3% and 77% +/- 1.9%, respectively (398 men at risk at 10 years and 138 men at risk at 15 years). The 10-year survival rate for patients with Gleason score > or = 7 was 74% +/- 3.9%. Only tumor grade was a significant predictor for disease outcome. The hospital mortality rate decreased from 0.7% for the 1,143 study patients to 0% for the more recent 1,000 patients. Severe incontinence declined to 1.4% for the more recent 1,000 patients. Most patients who underwent RP were healthy (Charlson comorbidity index).
Survival at 15 years was similar to the expected survival rate. Current morbidity and mortality rates associated with RP were extremely low. Thus, RP has been a viable management option for men with clinically localized prostate cancer who have a life expectancy of more than 10 years.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn