Medline: 7953267

British Journal of Urology 74(3): 352-358, 1994.

Sequelae of radical prostatectomy.

Jonler M, Messing EM, Rhodes PR, et al.

Abstract:

Objective:
To evaluate the sequelae of radical prostatectomy, using a survey instrument.

Patients and Methods:
Ninety-three consecutively treated patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy and who had been followed-up for between 12 and 48 months (mean 22.5) were sent a questionnaire by post. Of these, 86 (92%) completed and returned the questionnaire. The mean age of the patients at time of surgery was 64 years (range 49-75) and at time of follow-up was 66 years (range 50-77).

Results:
Of the 86 patients who responded, 47% used a pad and 59% leaked urine daily. Thirty per cent dripped more than a few drops of urine daily and 34% found their incontinence bothersome. Eighty-four per cent of patients recalled that they had erectile potency before surgery. At follow-up, 9% were able to have a full erection and 38% were able to have a partial erection. Fifty-one per cent reported a substantial problem with reduced or absent erection. Twenty per cent had undergone treatment for bladder neck contracture and more than half of these had had more than one intervention. In all, 24% of the patients reported some persisting degree of physical unpleasantness which they believed to be secondary to their prostate cancer or the effects of treatment. Despite this, 74% were satisfied with their surgery and 88% said they would undergo surgery again.

Conclusions:
Using this survey instrument, we found adverse sequelae of radical prostatectomy to be surprisingly high. However, patients were generally satisfied with their decision to undergo surgery.


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