Medline: 8021729

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 12(7): 1390-1393, 1994. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 12(7): 1390-1393, 1994. may be available online for subscribers.

Salvage chemotherapy in patients with extragonadal nonseminomatous germ cell tumors: the Indiana University experience.

Saxman SB, Nichols CR, Einhorn LH

Abstract:

Purpose:
Patients with relapsed extragonadal germ cell tumors (EGCT) are usually treated in an identical fashion as patients with recurrent testicular cancer. However, little is known about the long-term outcome in these patients and whether they have comparable results to patients with a testicular primary tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of salvage chemotherapy on long-term survival in patients with EGCT.

Materials and Methods:
We conducted a retrospective review of 73 patients with relapsed extragonadal nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (GCTs) treated at Indiana University between 1976 and 1993. All patients received cisplatin-containing regimens as primary chemotherapy.

Results:
Only five of 73 patients (7%) were long-term disease-free survivors after salvage chemotherapy. The remaining 68 patients are either dead of disease or toxicity (n = 63), or alive with progressive disease (PD) (n = 5). Twenty-eight patients received high-dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplant (ABMT) at some point during their disease, and none of these patients are continuously disease-free.

Conclusion:
Although similar salvage chemotherapy strategies will cure approximately 30% of patients with recurrent testicular cancer, new approaches are needed for EGCT.


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