Medline: 1403052

Journal of Clinical Oncology 10(11): 1690-1695, 1992.

Autologous versus allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case-controlled analysis of the European Bone Marrow Transplant Group Registry data.

Chopra R, Goldstone AH, Pearce R, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
A case-controlled study of patients who reported to the European Bone Marrow Transplant Group (EBMTG) was performed to investigate the relative roles and efficacy of allogeneic (alloBMT) and autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Patients and Methods:
Of 1,060 patients who reported to the lymphoma registry, 938 patients underwent ABMT and 122 patients underwent alloBMT. A case-controlled study was performed by matching 101 alloBMT patients with 101 ABMT patients. The case matching was performed after the selection of the main prognostic factors for progression-free survival by a multivariate analysis.

Results:
The progression-free survival was similar in both types of transplants (49% alloBMT v 46% ABMT). The overall relapse and progression rate for the alloBMT patients was 23% compared with 38% in the ABMT patients. This difference was not significant statistically. In the lymphoblastic lymphoma subgroup, alloBMT was associated with a lower relapse rate than ABMT (24% alloBMT v 48% ABMT; P = .035). The progression-free survival, however, was not significantly different because patients with lymphoblastic lymphoma who underwent alloBMT had a higher procedure-related mortality (24% alloBMT v 10% ABMT; P = .06). A significantly lower relapse/progression rate was also observed in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) compared with those patients without (0% cGVHD v 35% no cGVHD; P = .02). Fourteen of 18 patients who had cGVHD also had lymphoblastic lymphoma.

Conclusion:
This study suggests that ABMT and alloBMT for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are comparable, with the exception of lymphoblastic lymphoma in which a graft-versus-lymphoma effect may account for the lower relapse rate for patients who underwent alloBMT.


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