Medline: 1607915

Journal of Clinical Oncology 10(7): 1086-1094, 1992.

High-dose salvage chemotherapy without bone marrow transplantation for adult patients with refractory Hodgkin's disease.

Tourani JM, Levy R, Colonna P, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
For patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) who do not achieve complete response (CR), who experience a relapse within the first year of CR, and for those who have two or more relapses, the outcome is poor. Salvage chemotherapy regimens at conventional doses produce a CR rate that ranges from 10% to 50% and a 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) between 10% and 25%. On the other hand, high-dose chemotherapy regimens given in combination with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) produce a CR rate that ranges from 40% to 80% and a 3-year DFS of approximately 40%. We report the 5-year results of a prospective study in patients with refractory HD who were treated with three courses of intensive chemotherapy without BMT.

Patients and Methods:
Thirty-nine adult patients with refractory HD were treated with three courses of intensive chemotherapy. Each cycle of chemotherapy comprised vindesine 1 mg/m2/d in continuous intravenous (IV) infusion from day 1 to day 5; Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Roger Bellon Laboratories, Neuilly, France) 40 mg/m2/d in continuous IV infusion from day 1 to day 3; carmustine 140 mg/m2/d at day 3; etoposide 200 mg/m2/d from day 3 to day 5; and methylprednisolone 120 mg/m2/d from day 1 to day 5. After the third cycle of chemotherapy, irradiation (20 Gy) was performed whenever possible and depended on previous irradiation.

Results:
At the end of the treatment, 31 patients (79%) were in CR. Among these patients, 10 relapsed after a median time of 3 months. The overall 5-year survival rate was 46%. The freedom from progression (FFP) and the freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) rates were 48% and 43%, respectively. The main toxicities were hematologic (neutropenia and thrombocytopenia) and digestive. Four patients died due to treatment-related complications (two from septic shocks, one from respiratory insufficiency, and one from posttransfusional AIDS).

Conclusion:
The results of this study seem to be comparable to those results obtained with high-dose chemotherapies with autologous BMT.


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