Medline: 1571905

Cancer 69(11): 2749-2754, 1992.

Concomitant boost technique using accelerated superfractionated radiation therapy for advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Johnson CR, Schmidt-Ullrich RK, Wazer DE


Of 142 patients irradiated for American Joint Committee on Cancer Stage III or IV head and neck carcinoma, 100 patients were eligible for analysis with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. In one group, 50 patients were treated with conventional once-a-day (QD) fractionation to doses in excess of 6600 cGy. The other 50 patients were treated prospectively with accelerated superfractionated radiation therapy using a concomitant boost twice-a-day schedule (BID). Patients received conventional fractionation (180 cGy/fraction) combined with a boost field of (160 cGy/fraction) BID after a 4-hour to 6-hour interval 3 days per week during part of their treatment course. After 3 years, locoregional tumor control was 62% in the BID group versus 33% in the QD group (P = 0.003). Disease-free survival was 60% and 30%, respectively, for the BID and QD groups (P = 0.002), and adjusted survival was 66% and 38%, respectively, for the BID and QD groups (P = 0.03). Overall survival approached statistical significance in favor of the BID group (P = 0.06). Complete tumor responses were observed in 63% of patients treated in the BID group 1 to 3 months after completion of radiation therapy. Of these, 84% remain free of local recurrence. Of the 19 patients with persistent disease 1 to 3 months after treatment, 47% remain locally controlled. Superfractionated accelerated radiation therapy produced superior local control and disease-free and adjusted survival rates relative to a group of patients treated QD.

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