Medline: 1536229

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 166(2): 556-559, 1992.

Phase II trial of ifosfamide and mesna in leiomyosarcoma of the uterus: a Gynecologic Oncology Group Study.

Sutton GP, Blessing JA, Barrett RJ, et al.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the activity of ifosfamide (isophosphamide) in patients with advanced or recurrent leiomyosarcoma not previously exposed to chemotherapy. STUDY DESIGN: This is a phase II groupwide study of the Gynecologic Oncology Group. Thirty-five patients were treated with ifosfamide 1.5 gm/m2 daily intravenously for 5 days with mesna (mercaptoethane sodium sulfonate). Fifty-six patients had received prior abdominal hysterectomy and 15 prior radiotherapy. The dose was reduced to 1.2 gm/m2 daily in patients who had received prior radiotherapy.

Gynecologic Oncology Group grade III or IV granulocytopenia occurred in 4 (11%) patients, and none had grade IV thrombocytopenia. One (2.8%) patient had grade IV neurotoxicity. Partial responses were observed in 6 of 35 (17.2%) patients. The 95% confidence interval for response was 6.6% to 33.7%.

These results indicate that ifosfamide has modest activity in patients with advanced or recurrent leiomyosarcomas of the uterus.

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