Medline: 1346801

Journal of Clinical Oncology 10(3): 371-377, 1992.

2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine treatment of low-grade lymphomas.

Kay AC, Saven A, Carrera CJ, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
Because of the need to identify effective new agents in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and because of the high activity of the purine analog 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) against chronic lymphocytic leukemia and hairy cell leukemia, a phase II trial of 2-CdA was initiated in patients with low-grade lymphocytic lymphomas.

Patients and Methods:
Forty patients with low-grade lymphocytic lymphomas including diffuse small lymphocytic, follicular small-cleaved, and follicular mixed histologies were enrolled onto the study. Conventional therapies had failed in all patients, and six patients had lymph node biopsies showing evidence of histologic evolution to a higher-grade lymphoma. A total of 107 courses of 2-CdA were administered. There were 27 males and 13 females. The median age was 59 years (range, 37 to 80 years). Patients had received a median of three prior therapies (range, one to six therapies).

Results:
An overall response rate of 43% was achieved, with eight patients experiencing complete responses (CRs) and nine patients experiencing partial responses (PRs). The duration of responses ranged from 1 to greater than 33 months without maintenance therapy (median duration of response, 5 months). Histology and prior therapy history did not seem to correlate with responses. Significant toxicity was limited to bone marrow suppression; 18% of patients developed neutropenia, and 30% developed thrombocytopenia.

Conclusions:
This phase II trial demonstrates that 2-CdA is an effective antilymphocyte, antineoplastic agent with significant activity as a single agent in patients with recurrent or refractory low-grade lymphocytic lymphoma. Responses were achieved with an acceptable toxicity profile. Further trials of this agent in previously untreated patients and in combination regimens are indicated and will be developed.


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