International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 21(5): 1145-1149, 1991.
Tepper JE, Noyes D, Krall JM, et al.
The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group in 1985 began a study of IORT plus external beam radiation therapy for patients with locally unresected, non-metastatic pancreatic cancer. Patients were treated with a combination of 2000 cGy of IORT and postoperative external beam radiation therapy to 5040 cGy in combination with IV 5-FU (500 mg/m2/day on the first 3 days of the external beam treatment). As patients were registered on study prior to exploration, it was expected that a number of patients would be excluded from further analysis at the time of surgery. Eighty-six patients were entered on study through 6/1/88 and analyzed through 4/90. Fifty-one patients were fully analyzable. Median survival time of the 51 patients was 9 months with an 18-month actuarial survival rate of 9%. Local control could not be adequately evaluated in this multi-institutional study. Major postoperative complications were not excessive and occurred in 12% of patients. Two patients had major late morbidity leading to death, one from duodenal bleeding and the second from biliary obstruction. Although this study does demonstrate the feasibility of IORT in a multi-institutional setting, it does not demonstrate any advantage of IORT over conventional therapy for this disease.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn