Medline: 2175739

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 19(6): 1473-1479, 1990.

Thoracic radiotherapy variables: influence on local control in small cell lung cancer limited disease.

Turrisi AT, Glover DJ


In limited small cell lung cancer (LSCLC), the high local failure rate of chemotherapy by itself (60-100%) and with the addition of external beam radiotherapy (approximately 30%) has led to investigation of methods to improve local control. To that end, we integrated Platinum 60 mg/m2, d. 1, 22 and Etoposide 120 mg/m2, d. 4, 6, & 8; 25, 27 & 29 with concurrent twice-daily 150 cGy (total dose: 4500 cGy). Of 32 consecutively referred patients, 4 with variant histology, 31 were evaluable for toxicity, response, and survival. Two of 4 variant histology patients responded, and 27 of 27 pure small cell responded, p = 0.005. CT scans were inaccurate at forecasting survival. Of 17/32 patients considered "positive," 59% of these were survivors; of those considered "negative," 47% were survivors, p = N.S. Radiation portals were volumetrically conservative; the supraclavicular fossa was included infrequently and the contralateral hilum not at all. Local failure occurred in only 1/27 patients (4%). All four variant patients failed locally, p = 0.001. With a median follow-up of 43 months, the actuarial disease-free survival remains nearly 50%. Variant histology is more predictive of local control than the physical factors of dose or volume.

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