Journal of Clinical Oncology 8(5): 784-791, 1990.
Freedman AS, Takvorian T, Anderson KC, et al.
One hundred patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in sensitive relapse or incomplete first remission underwent high-dose chemoradiotherapy and anti-B-cell monoclonal antibody (MAb)-treated autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT). These patients demonstrated good performance status with a Karnofsky score of 80% or greater. The majority of these patients had one or more adverse prognostic features including a failure to achieve a complete remission (CR) with conventional combination chemotherapy (37 patients), bone marrow infiltration (69 patients), a history of extranodal disease other than bone marrow infiltration (42 patients), and histologic conversion (18 patients). At the time of ABMT, only 52 patients were in CR; however, all patients achieved a minimal disease state following conventional intensive therapy. Moreover, at the time of marrow harvest, 37 of these patients had histologic evidence of lymphoma cells infiltrating the marrow. Following high-dose ablative therapy, two acute in-hospital treatment-related deaths were observed. Two late deaths were observed, not due to recurrent lymphoma. Of the remaining 96 patients, 61 are in unmaintained CR with a median follow-up of 13 months. Kaplan-Meier actuarial analysis predicts 50% probability of disease-free survival (DFS) at 37.8 months. This very low treatment-related mortality provides the rationale to apply high-dose therapy and ABMT as consolidative therapy for patients in first remission who are at high risk for relapse following conventional therapy.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn