Gynecologic Oncology 33(3): 283-289, 1989.
Weiser EB, Bundy BN, Hoskins WJ, et al.
Two-hundred and eighty-eight patients with predominately stage IIB or IIIB cervical carcinoma underwent pretreatment surgical staging including selective paraaortic lymphadenectomy (SPAL), followed by pelvic irradiation with or without paraaortic irradiation (RT). Four patients were excluded from analysis (two received no RT and two were insufficiently documented). Of the remaining 284 patients, 128 underwent extraperitoneal (EP) SPAL and 156 transperitoneal (TP) SPAL procedures. Age, race, and stage (clinical and surgical), cell type, paraaortic nodal status, and peritoneal cytology findings were similar in both groups. Complications presumed to arise from operative staging were infection, which was similar for both groups, and vascular injury, which was higher in the TP group, although not statistically significant. Complications subsequent to RT fell into two categories: local-pelvic necrosis, vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas, proctitis, etc., and regional-enterovaginal fistula, bowel obstruction, enteritis, bowel perforation, etc. The frequency of local complications was similar for both EP and TP patients. Utilizing univariant analysis, among regional complications, both bowel obstruction and nonobstructive enteric injuries were observed significantly more often in TP patients than in EP patients (11.5% vs 3.9%, P = 0.03, for both types). Multivariant analysis confirmed these observations. This report supports the conclusions that in advanced cervical carcinoma (1) EP- and TP-SPAL are of similar sensitivity in detecting nodal spread, (2) no significant differences in the frequency of surgical complications could be detected between EP- and TP-SPAL groups, and (3) TP-SPAL is associated with a higher frequency of certain postirradiation regional enteric complications.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn