Journal of Clinical Oncology 6(8): 1231-1238, 1988.
Bosl GJ, Geller NL, Bajorin D, et al.
Standard chemotherapy for disseminated germ cell tumors (GCT) cures most patients but causes considerable acute toxicity, including treatment-related death due to septicemia during neutropenia and pulmonary fibrosis. In addition, chronic and delayed toxicities, particularly Raynaud's phenomenon, have been reported in 6% to 37% of treated patients. In an attempt to minimize the acute and chronic effects of treatment which are related primarily to vinblastine and bleomycin, a randomized trial comparing the efficacy and toxicity of vinblastine + bleomycin + cisplatin + cyclophosphamide + dactinomycin (VAB-6) and etoposide + cisplatin (EP) was conducted on 164 eligible patients with good-prognosis GCT. Seventy-nine of 82 (96%) patients receiving VAB-6 and 76/82 (93%) receiving EP achieved a complete remission (CR) with or without adjunctive surgery. Similar proportions of patients in both arms were found at surgery to have necrosis/fibrosis or mature teratoma. With a median follow-up of 24.4 months in the VAB-6 arm and 25.9 months in the EP arm, the total, relapse-free, and event-free survival distributions were similar in the two arms. Patients receiving EP experienced less emesis (P = .05), higher nadir WBC (P = .06) and platelet counts (P = .01), less magnesium wasting (P = .0001), less mucositis (P = .09), and no pulmonary toxicity. No treatment-related mortality was observed. EP is an efficacious and less toxic regimen and is recommended for good-prognosis patients with disseminated GCT.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn