Medline: 3119785

Journal of Clinical Oncology 5(11): 1759-1765, 1987.

Effects of radiation on ovarian function in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Childrens Cancer Study Group.

Hamre MR, Robison LL, Nesbit ME, et al.


The Childrens Cancer Study Group has assessed serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and pubertal development in 97 long-term female survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). All patients received identical induction and maintenance therapy with either 18 or 24 Gy of radiation therapy (RT) to one of the following fields: cranial, craniospinal, or craniospinal plus 12 Gy abdominal RT including the ovaries. Thirty-six percent (35 patients) were found to have above normal levels of FSH and/or LH. The percentages of elevated values for RT fields were 93% for craniospinal plus abdominal RT, 49% for craniospinal RT, and 9% for cranial RT (P less than 0.001). A dose-response relationship was observed between 18 Gy and 24 Gy in females receiving only craniospinal RT (P = 0.01). Craniospinal plus abdominal RT and abnormal FSH/LH levels were significantly associated with lack of pubertal development and delayed onset of menses. Duration of maintenance chemotherapy was not associated with abnormal gonadotropin levels or the development of secondary sexual characteristics. Additional follow-up of this cohort is needed to establish the ultimate pubertal development and fertility of these patients.

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