Medline: 6831347

Cancer 51(10): 1819-1825, 1983.

The value of combining radiotherapy with surgery in the treatment of hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers.

Arriagada R, Eschwege F, Cachin Y, et al.

Abstract:

Two-hundred and six cases of hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated at the Institut Gustave-Roussy were retrospectively analyzed. All of them were treated by surgery and they were divided into three therapeutic groups following the adjuvant radiotherapy: (A) Postoperative radiotherapy at doses equal to or greater than 4500 rad; (B) Postoperative radiotherapy at doses less than 4500 rad; and (C) Preoperative irradiation at doses less than 4500 rad. Group A included a greater proportion of patients with hypopharyngeal cancer and patients with advanced tumors (T3, T4; N1b, N2, N3). However, the local and regional control rate in this group is significantly higher than those of the other groups in spite of the poor prognostic factors. The survival rate is comparable in all the three groups, with distant metastases more frequently found in group A. The results showing a significant improvement in lymph node control with postoperative radiotherapy, this adjuvant therapy is used systematically in this center in patients being operated on for hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer with incomplete histologically defined resection and/or with lymph nodes histologically involved.


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