Medline: 11078498

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(22): 3845-3853, 2000. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(22): 3845-3853, 2000. may be available online for subscribers.

Large-cell lymphoma arising in the mediastinum in children and adolescents is associated with an excellent outcome. A report from the Children's Cancer Group.

Lones MA, Perkins SL, Sposto R, et al.


Large-cell lymphoma (LCL) arising in the mediastinum (LCL-M) is a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that includes B-cell lymphomas as well as T-cell lymphomas, including anaplastic LCL. LCL-M is well recognized in young adults but is less well characterized and infrequent in children and adolescents.

A retrospective review of Children's Cancer Group therapeutic studies for nonlymphoblastic lymphomas (CCG-551, CCG-503, CCG-552, and CCG-5911) identified 20 patients with LCL-M, representing 7.2% of all LCLs classified by central pathology review.

The patients ranged in age from 4 to 19 years (median, 12.5 years; mean, 12 years); 55% of the patients were male. Although a variety of chemotherapy regimens were used, response was excellent, with all 20 patients (100%) achieving a complete response. Four patients (20%) experienced relapse locally or in distant sites including brain and kidney. One patient died of sepsis during therapy. For the 20 patients with LCL-M, the product-limit estimated 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates are 75% +/- 10% and 85% +/- 8%, respectively. For disseminated LCLs (192 cases), the EFS and OS rates were 50% +/- 4% and 63% +/- 4%, respectively, which differ significantly from the those of the LCL-M cases (EFS, P =.025; OS, P =.034). The 5-year EFS and OS rates for patients with localized LCL (67 cases) were 92 +/- 3% and 97 +/- 2%, respectively.

LCL-M is a heterogeneous group of NHLs that makes up approximately 7.2% of LCL in children and adolescents. Response to therapy and OS in this young age group seems excellent and superior to that of disseminated LCLs but inferior to that of other localized LCL. Future studies of LCL-M will evaluate short intense chemotherapy administered without radiation therapy.

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