Medline: 10561340

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 17(9): 2670-2675, 1999. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 17(9): 2670-2675, 1999. may be available online for subscribers.

Outcome and reproductive function after chemotherapy for ovarian dysgerminoma.

Brewer M, Gershenson DM, Herzog CE, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
To review the outcome for all patients with ovarian dysgerminoma treated at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center who received bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) and to assess the menstrual and reproductive function of those who received conservative treatment.

Patients and Methods:
Clinical information was abstracted from the medical record. Patients completed a detailed questionnaire about menstrual and reproductive function; those who did not return the questionnaire were interviewed by telephone.

Results:
Twenty-six patients were identified as having been treated with BEP chemotherapy for pure ovarian dysgerminoma from January 1984 to January 1998. Their median age was 19.5 years (range, 7 to 32 years). Sixteen patients underwent fertility-sparing surgery in the form of unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. At a median follow-up time of 89 months, 25 (96%) of the 26 patients remained continuously disease-free. One patient apparently developed a second primary dysgerminoma in her remaining ovary after BEP and was clinically disease-free after further treatment. Of the 16 patients who underwent fertility-sparing surgery, one was lost to follow-up when she was pregnant, and one was still premenarchal. Of the remaining 14 patients, 10 (71%) maintained their normal menstrual function during and after chemotherapy, and 13 (93%) had returned to their prechemotherapy menstrual pattern at the time of the questionnaire. Five pregnancies have occurred thus far, and two patients have had difficulty conceiving.

Conclusion:
Most patients with metastatic dysgerminoma can expect cure with maintenance of normal reproductive function when treated with conservative surgery and BEP chemotherapy.


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